The Difference Between Community Health and Community Based Health
While there are some commonalities between community health and population health, there are also significant differences. While community health is often geographically-based, it addresses a broader range of issues than public health does. Community health builds on community resources and focuses more on the individual and their environment. Community health also addresses the social determinants that affect health. The difference between these approaches is a matter if degree.
Community health services are a critical part of the overall health care system, as nearly half of Americans have chronic conditions that do not respond well to standard medical care. Many people don’t receive the care that they need, despite this fact. In some cases, this could be due to socioeconomic factors. For example, a pregnant woman with toxemia who doesn’t have a driver’s license is at greater risk of suffering a medical emergency than a young, healthy adult. Community health resources provide care in a more holistic way, as practitioners can treat several conditions at once.
A community health provider provides comprehensive services and grants communities direct access to essential resources. Community health providers provide information and tools that help residents access the best care. Community health initiatives identify high-need communities and help overcome the barriers that prevent residents from leading healthy lifestyles. These communities have a significantly lower average lifespan. A community health center is often the primary provider of health care for low-income or minority populations.
The terms population health and community based healthcare refer to two different things. Community health focuses upon the health and well-being of biological communities. They share many common characteristics. Population health focuses on the health of a group of people, as a whole, and includes patterns of health determinants, policies, and interventions that affect these groups. Population health management focuses on the whole population and is often the result from partnerships between different sectors.
The CDC’s Six-Eighth Initiative focuses six common health issues to identify the main types of community-based health care. In the same way, the CDC’s Health Impact in Five Years Initiative highlights 14 community-wide population health interventions with proven impacts on health outcomes in five years, demonstrating cost effectiveness and improving outcomes. The following information is available about community-based health and population health:
Public health and community-based wellness have the same ultimate goal: to prevent disease and promote healthy lifestyles in a community. Both professions develop plans and programs for health education, but the greatest difference is in focus. Public health emphasizes the scientific process of preventing infections, while community health is a holistic approach that addresses the health of a community. Public health professionals often work with the community to improve the health of the residents.
Community health centers, on the other hand, are located in a specific community and educate residents about preventive care. Community health centers work closely with residents and providers in the area to improve access to resources, decrease the need for expensive emergency care, and advocate better care for at risk populations. Community health centers collaborate with other community agencies to address any social, physical, or cultural issues that could impact residents’ quality of life.